Reading Reflection Discussion Essay., ,Complete the required reading for the week and respond to the following questions. The response should be at least 200-300 words in length, reflect knowledge and comprehension of the subject, and include specific reference (with proper APA citation) to the assigned reading to be effective. Do a word count and type it at the bottom of your assignment. Review the discussion rubric for detailed information on grading this assignment: Discussion Rubric Discussion Rubric – Alternative Formats,Lesson Two Questions: Levinson, Atkins, and Forbes give information on Web marketing and cite the web as the greatest guerrilla marketing tool ever made. Mansfield asserts Donors and supporters have little patience with poorly executed online communications and fundraising campaigns. Using the information from your readings, assess how your organization is using social media and marketing. Give specifics as they apply to your nonprofit place of employment or a nonprofit organization of which you are a participant.Reading Reflection Discussion Essay.,How do they network?
What are the organization’s plans for future use?
How could this organization further its mission and impact with Web marketing?
What does this organization need to do to reach donors of major gifts?
Reflection: How will I use (or have I used) this knowledge in my ministry or life? (application),Why Reflective Writing?
Reflection offers you the opportunity to consider how your personal experiences and observations shape your thinking and your acceptance of new ideas. Professors often ask students to write reading reflections. They do this to encourage you to explore your own ideas about a text, to express your opinion rather than summarize the opinions of others. Reflective writing can help you to improve your analytical skills because it requires you to express what you think, and more significantly, how and why you think that way. In addition, reflective analysis asks you to acknowledge that your thoughts are shaped by your assumptions and preconceived ideas; in doing so, you can appreciate the ideas of others, notice how their assumptions and preconceived ideas may have shaped their thoughts, and perhaps recognize how your ideas support or oppose what you read.Reading Reflection Discussion Essay.,Types of Reflective Writing
Popular in professional programs, like business, nursing, forensics and education, reflection is an important part of making connections between theory and practice. When you are asked to reflect upon experience in a placement, you do not only describe your experience, but you evaluate it based on ideas from class. You can assess a theory or approach based on your observations and practice and evaluate your own knowledge and skills within your professional field. This opportunity to take the time to think about your choices, your actions, your successes and your failures is best done within a specific framework, like course themes or work placement objectives. Abstract concepts can become concrete and real to you when considered within your own experiences, and reflection on your experiences allows you to make plans for improvement.,Reading Reflection
To encourage thoughtful and balanced assessment of readings, many interdisciplinary courses may ask you to submit a reading reflection. Often instructors will indicate to students what they expect of a reflection, but the general purpose is to elicit your informed opinions about ideas presented in the text and to consider how they affect your interpretation. Reading reflections offer an opportunity to recognize and perhaps break down your assumptions which may be challenged by the text(s).,Approaches to Reflective Inquiry
You may wonder how your professors assess your reflective writing. What are they looking for? How can my experiences or ideas be right or wrong? Your instructors expect you to critically engage with concepts from your course by making connections between your observations, experiences, and opinions. They expect you to explain and analyse these concepts from your own point of view, eliciting original ideas and encouraging active interest in the course material.,It can be difficult to know where to begin when writing a critical reflection. First, know that like any other academic piece of writing a reflection requires a narrow focus and strong analysis. The best approach for identifying a focus and for reflective analysis is interrogation. The following offers suggestions for your line of inquiry when developing a reflective response.Reading Reflection Discussion Essay.,Experiential Reflection
It is best to discuss your experiences in a work placement or practicum within the context of personal or organizational goals; doing so provides important insights and perspective for your own growth in the profession. For reflective writing, it is important to balance reporting or descriptive writing with critical reflection and analysis.,Consider these questions:
Contextualize your reflection: What are your learning goals? What are the objectives of the organization? How do these goals fit with the themes or concepts from the course?
Provide important information: What is the name of the host organization? What is their mission? Who do they serve? What was your role? What did you do?
Analytical Reflection: What did you learn from this experience? About yourself? About working in the field? About society?
Lessons from reflection: Did your experience fit with the goals or concepts of the course or organization? Why or why not? What are your lessons for the future? What was successful? Why? What would you do differently? Why? How will you prepare for a future experience in the field?
Consider the purpose of reflection: to demonstrate your learning in the course. It is important to actively and directly connect concepts from class to your personal or experiential reflection. The following example shows how a students observations from a classroom can be analysed using a theoretical concept and how the experience can help a student to evaluate this concept.Reading Reflection Discussion Essay.,For Example
My observations from the classroom demonstrate that the hierarchical structure of Blooms Taxonomy is problematic, a concept also explored by Paul (1993). The students often combined activities like application and synthesis or analysis and evaluation to build their knowledge and comprehension of unfamiliar concepts. This challenges my understanding of traditional teaching methods where knowledge is the basis for inquiry. Perhaps higher-order learning strategies like inquiry and evaluation can also be the basis for knowledge and comprehension, which are classified as lower-order skills in Blooms Taxonomy.,Reading Reflection
Critical reflection requires thoughtful and persistent inquiry. Although basic questions like what is the thesis? and what is the evidence? are important to demonstrate your understanding, you need to interrogate your own assumptions and knowledge to deepen your analysis and focus your assessment of the text.Reading Reflection Discussion Essay.,Assess the text(s):
What is the main point? How is it developed? Identify the purpose, impact and/or theoretical framework of the text.
What ideas stood out to me? Why? Were they new or in opposition to existing scholarship?
Develop your ideas:
What do I know about this topic? Where does my existing knowledge come from? What are the observations or experiences that shape my understanding?
Do I agree or disagree with this argument? Why?
How does this text reinforce my existing ideas or assumptions? How does this text challenge my existing ideas or assumptions?
How does this text help me to better understand this topic or explore this field of study/discipline?
A Note on Mechanics
As with all written assignments or reports, it is important to have a clear focus for your writing. You do not need to discuss every experience or element of your placement. Pick a few that you can explore within the context of your learning. For reflective responses, identify the main arguments or important elements of the text to develop a stronger analysis which integrates relevant ideas from course materials.,Furthermore, your writing must be organized. Introduce your topic and the point you plan to make about your experience and learning. Develop your point through body paragraph(s), and conclude your paper by exploring the meaning you derive from your reflection. You may find the questions listed above can help you to develop an outline before you write your paper.,You should maintain a formal tone, but it is acceptable to write in the first person and to use personal pronouns. Note, however, that it is important that you maintain confidentiality and anonymity of clients, patients or students from work or volunteer placements by using pseudonyms and masking identifying factors.,The value of reflection: Critical reflection is a meaningful exercise which can require as much time and work as traditional essays and reports because it asks students to be purposeful and engaged participants, readers, and thinkers.,Critical reflection
A Critical Reflection (also called a reflective essay) is a process of identifying, questioning, and assessing our deeply-held assumptions about our knowledge, the way we perceive events and issues, our beliefs, feelings, and actions. When you reflect critically, you use course material (lectures, readings, discussions, etc.) to examine our biases, compare theories with current actions, search for causes and triggers, and identify problems at their core. Critical reflection is not a reading assignment, a summary of an activity, or an emotional outlet. Rather, the goal is to change your thinking about a subject, and thus change your behaviour.,Tip: Critical reflections are common in coursework across all disciplines, but they can take very different forms. Your instructor may ask you to develop a formal essay, produce weekly blog entries, or provide short paragraph answers to a set of questions. Read the assignment guidelines before you begin.,How to Critically Reflect
Writing a critical reflection happens in two phases.,Analyze: In the first phase, analyze the issue and your role by asking critical questions. Use free writing as a way to develop good ideas. Dont worry about organized paragraphs or good grammar at this stage.
Articulate: In the second phase, use your analysis to develop a clear argument about what you learned. Organize your ideas so they are clear for your reader.
First phase: Analyze
A popular method for analyzing is the three stage model,,What? So What? Now what?,What?,In the What? stage, describe the issue, including your role, observations, and reactions. The what? stage helps you make initial observations about what you feel and think. At this point, theres no need to look at your course notes or readings.,Use the questions below to guide your writing during this stage.,What happened?
What did you do?
What did you expect?
What was different?
What was your reaction?
What did you learn?
So What?,In the second So What? stage, try to understand on a deeper level why the issue is significant or relevant. Use information from your first stage, your course materials (readings, lectures, discussions) — as well as previous experience and knowledge to help you think through the issue from a variety of perspectives.Reading Reflection Discussion Essay.,Tip: Since youll be using more course resources in this step, review your readings and course notes before you begin writing.,Below are three perspectives you can consider:,Academic perspective: How did the experience enhance your understanding of a concept/theory/skill? Did the experience confirm your understanding or challenge it? Did you identify strengths or gaps in your knowledge?
Personal perspective: Why does the experience matter? What are the consequences? Were your previous expectations/assumptions confirmed or refuted? What surprised you and why?
Systems perspective: What were the sources of power and who benefited/who was harmed? What changes would you suggest? How does this experience help you understand the organization or system?
Now What?Reading Reflection Discussion Essay.,In the third Now what? stage, explore how the experience will shape your future thinking and behaviour.,Use the following questions to guide your thinking and writing:,What are you going to do as a result of your experiences?
What will you do differently?
How will you apply what you learned?
Second phase: Articulate
After completing the analysis stage, you probably have a lot of writing, but it is not yet organized into a coherent story. You need to build an organized and clear argument about what you learned and how you changed. To do so, develop a thesis statement, make an outline, write, and revise.Reading Reflection Discussion Essay.,Develop a thesis statement
Tip: For more help on developing thesis statements, see our Thesis statements resource,Develop a clear argument to help your reader understand what you learned. This argument should pull together different themes from your analysis into a main idea. You can see an example of a thesis statement in the sample reflection essay at the end of this resource.Reading Reflection Discussion Essay.,Make an outline
Once you have a clear thesis statement for your essay, build an outline. Below is a straightforward method to organize your essay.,Introduction,-Background/Context of Reflection,-Thesis statement,Body
Introduce theme A
– Writers past position/thinking,- Moment of learning/change,Writers current/new position
Introduce theme B
– Writers past position/thinking,- Moment of learning/change,Writers current/new position
Introduce theme C
– Writers past position/thinking,- Moment of learning/change,Writers current/new position
– Summarize learning,-Discuss significance of learning for self and others,-Discuss future actions/behaviour,Write and revise
Tip: Keep your writing formal!,Even though you are writing about your personal experience and learning, your audience may still be an academic one. Consult the assignment guidelines or ask your instructor to find out whether your writing should be formal or informal.Reading Reflection Discussion Essay.,Time to get writing! Work from your outline and give yourself enough time for a first draft and revisions.,Sample Critical Reflection
Below are sample annotated paragraphs from one students critical reflection for a course on society and privilege.,Introduction,Background/context of reflection: I became aware of privileged positions in society only in recent years. I was lucky enough, privileged enough, to be ignorant of such phenomena, but for some, privilege is a daily lesson of how they do not fit into mainstream culture. In the past, I defined oppression as only that which is obvious and intentional. I never realized the part I played. However, during a class field study to investigate privileged positions in everyday environments, I learned otherwise. Thesis: Without meaning to, I caused harm by participating in a system where I gained from others subtle oppression. In one of these spaces, the local mall, everything from advertisements to food to products, to the locations of doorways, bathrooms and other public necessities, made clear my privilege as a white, heterosexual male.Reading Reflection Discussion Essay.,Body paragraph,Topic sentence: Peggy McIntosh describes privilege as an invisible knapsack of tools and advantages. This description crystalized for me when I shopped for a greeting card at the stationary store. There, as a white, heterosexual male, I felt comfortable and empowered to roam about the store as I pleased. I freely asked the clerk about a mothers day card. Writers past position: Previously, I never considered that a store did anything but sell products. However, when I asked the sales clerk for same sex greeting cards, she paused for a few seconds and gave me a look that made me feel instantly uncomfortable. Some customers stopped to look at me. I felt a heat move over my face. I felt, for a moment, wrong for being in that store. I quickly clarified that I was only doing a report for school, implying that I was not in fact homosexual. Writers current position: The clerks demeanor changed. I was free to check, she said. It was the only time during the field study that I had felt the need to explain what I was doing to anyone. I could get out of the situation with a simple clarification. But what if I really was a member of the homosexual community? The looks and the silence taught me that I should be feared. I realized that, along with its products, the store was selling an image of normal. But my normality was another persons abnormality. After I walked out of the store I felt guilty for having denied being homosexual.,Conclusion,Summer of learning: At the mall I realized how much we indirectly shame nonprivileged groups, even in seemingly welcoming spaces. That shame is supported every time I or any other privileged individual fails to question our advantage. And it leads to a different kind of shame carried by privileged individuals, too. Value for self and others: All of this, as Brown (2003) documents, is exacerbated by silence. Thus, the next step for me is to not only question privilege internally, but to publicly question covert bias and oppression. If I do, I may very well be shamed for speaking out. But my actions might just encourage other people to speak up as well.,Before we learn how to write a reflection paper, let us discuss how to write a reflective essay format. In such an essay, you should express your own thoughts and mind about some certain ideas, things, facts, events. It may be called a self-reflection essay. One should have some good writing and critical thinking skills.Reading Reflection Discussion Essay.,Tips on How to Write a Reflection Paper
The writer should apply some descriptive manner to your writing. Just describe your ideas. Write down your thoughts clearly. Your readers should understand the main flow.
Remember that your essay has some narrative style. It is an academic paper. So, you should keep it formal as it is possible.
The structure of your essay should be really classical. Consider writing an introduction, main body paragraphs, conclusion. This is the best way to start if you need to learn how to write a reflection paper.
The writer should not forget that it is required to use not just your personal experience. Get some facts and other general materials.
The writer should not be so very personal. Yes, the fact about the reflective essay is your personal experience. It is not the friend letter, it is an academic paper.
How to write a reflective essay? It is all about personal experience. But the experience should be specific and fit the topic. The writer should not try to push your entire experience into one essay. Just get the right and most important moment fitting your topic.
The author should not try to write the whole essay at once. To get everything done correct you have your mind map. Just follow it and your main direction.
Your essay should not be a free-flowing analysis. All the thought should be very structured and clear. The same thing is about authors ideas and facts. The order should be very logical.Reading Reflection Discussion Essay.
How to Write a Reflection Paper on a Book
If one wants to learn how to write a reflection paper on a book, he needs to start with few main factors perfectly fitting this very type of academic writing. No matter what is the purpose of your article, there should be some certain features that identify it as a reflection. This is the main thing you should realize if you are learning how to write a reflection paper. Regarding your essay on a book, here are the main things to achieve:Reading Reflection Discussion Essay.,Everything on purpose
It is not about writing just simple thoughts about the book you have read. It is not your article about the plot. It should have clear reflective format and form in every little aspect. The academic purpose should be present. The goal of this essay should be about learning and exploring something to your reader.,Personal
Even if you are writing not about your particular experience, your work should have a personal approach. This is the main tip on how to write a reflective essay of any type. You need to express your position regarding some particular thing, a book in this situation.,Perceptive
The writer is not supposed to retell the story you read. It is just not enough. You need to deal with critical thinking and show that you were reading and analyzing the book. You need to extract the main thoughts of the author and create an article based on his ideas and goals he was trying to reach.,Polished
No one canceled any quality standards. Please be sure to meet all the requirements. Be clear and correct due to the fact you read about. Do not forget to reread your essay and edit it if needed.,How to Write a Reflection Paper on an Interview
No matter if you are trying to learn how to write a reflection paper on an interview, book or event. The rules on how to use the structure are always the same and requirements should be met. Your introduction paragraph should give some hints for your reader about the conclusion. You should remember that reflective essay is for your personal opinion and own experience.,If one wants to learn how to write a reflection paper and what expression he can use, please note that it is allowed to use I for your writing. You should use some quotations in your introduction and along the whole essay. The writer can talk about something went wrong for you, not only right things. The author can mention something that improved his experience.Reading Reflection Discussion Essay.,Here are some tips for the structure:
Write the Introduction
It is all about authors personal feelings. Do not consider it as typical writing about your feelings and thoughts. It is an academic task, and your writing should fit. You should create your Introduction and provide it with the thesis statement. Describe what a reader can expect from your writing piece.,Create the Body
In this section, you should explore your thesis and open it entirely. You have three main paragraphs for it. The writer can divide the interview you are writing about on three main parts. You can even quote some parts of the interview for better expression of your own ideas and thoughts. This method will give you an opportunity to be clearer in your main goal and feelings. Your experience didnt come from anywhere, and you can show the exact source in your article.Reading Reflection Discussion Essay.,Write the Conclusion
This is like another type of introduction. Your Conclusion should be striking and solid giving the ultimate tone to the entire paper. In papers Body, an author was supporting your thesis and here you should draw a bottom line. Now you dont need to attract attention. Now you need to leave a certain image and experience.,Bottom Line
Writing a reflection paper requires from you a skill that allows you to express your thoughts well and clear. If one needs to learn how to write a reflective paper, he should consider practicing as much as he can. This will be the best way to improve skills and get the proper direction to express your feelings.,Throughout my early education, my literacy classes always had inspired me. Learning to read was easy for me because of the quality of teaching I had over me as well as a lot of help from home with my parents and older sibling. The overall support provided a base for me to first learn the basics of reading and writing the language, and since that support made learning easier, I had the time to enjoy reading and writing beyond the lessons from class that were put in front of me. From early on, reading was a hobby. The more books read, the better. I wasnt the fastest reader, and I am still not. I like to read the words at a moderate rate to make sure I can read and still understand by just reading the text once.,I believe reading is one of the most important aspects of education. It is the foundation for all other knowledge to be absorbed. To me, the first step to a successful education and life is learning to read. After that goal is accomplished, finding a way to really enjoy reading is another important factor in education. I believe that when someone learns to enjoy reading, they will find it easier to enjoy learning in general.,Along with reading is of course, writing. Personally, I get more pleasure from writing then reading. For me, writing allows me to express emotions, organize my personal thoughts, study information, and get my opinion and beliefs out in the open. Of course, without writing there would be a reason to read at all. They come in hand in hand. Personally, writing is my most enjoyable aspect in my years of school, from K-today. The first time I realized how much I loved to write was in 2nd grade. My teacher, every week would make us cut out an object, such as an apple or owl. On that object, we would have to write a creative story to go along with it. To me, this wasnt you everyday school activity. It was a time to be completely creative and find a voice within the classroom. Finally, we were able to stand out on our own ideas amongst the other monotone lessons. Writing isnt like math, where you either have it down or you dont. Writing isnt like science where the experiment works or not. Writing is an opportunity to take a clean piece of paper and create a personal masterpiece. Also, writing is unique because everyones style, techniques, and ideas are all so diverse. We are always taught about how diversity within a classroom setting is so important to acknowledge. By reading each others writings and seeing the differences and similarities, the diversity within that classroom can be truly appreciated. Also, another thing I learned early on is that I can basically write forever J,Overall, I am very passionate about literacy, both reading and writing. I am passionate because I enjoy reading and writing at a personal level, but also because I see literacy as the foundation of education and finding yourself.Reading Reflection Discussion Essay.,
For each chapter write an informal 200-300 word reflection focusing on what you learned and a 25 word reflection on each visited Web site. Do not summarize the chapter, instead discuss new ideas and significant insights and how the information can be used to support classroom integration of technology. Also reflect on your personal reaction to reading the chapter and the supplemental information provided with this module.,
Type your reflections single space with an extra line between paragraphs. Send this reflection in the body of an e-mail message (not as an e-mail attachment ) to your instructor on or before midnight of the module’s due date. Please type, Chapter 1 Reflection, in the subject line of your e-mail message.Reading Reflection Discussion Essay.,
In Chapter One: Introduction to Using Computers in Education I have been refreshed on much computer terminology. I also have come to understand that in order to keep up with the computer world I must have this computer literacy or understanding of computers and their uses. Throughout my college experience and buying a car and other high priced items, have been using information literacy. I know how to find and use information. For example, it is much easier and more efficient to search at home before heading out from dealership to dealership unsure of what you are looking for in a car. With information literacy, you can search right at home with the internet to locate potential features you might want in a car and then go to a dealership with a more focused approach. Reading Reflection Discussion Essay.,
I believe as an educator, integration literacy is essential for the children and can save a teacher time, energy, and make them able to incorporate more real authentic learning. When a teacher can find appropriate technology to go along or match objectives being taught, then they are using their integration literacy. I have done some integration, mainly in the language arts and social studies areas. For example, I had found an online student unit on a book we read together as a class. After every 3 chapters there was an assignment for the students. The students used a mobile lab of laptops and were paired up with partners. They worked on the assignment together after each of the chapter selections. The assignments ranged from writing assignments to using the Kids Almanac on the Internet. This allowed the students to learn not only how to browse the Internet, but to become familiar with the many sources of information they can also find. They also learned of the many fun student activities that go along with what we are learning in class. They learned to bookmark favorite websites, and got to practice their writing skills in word processing, and tested out how to insert data to make graphs. I found that by integrating technology, the students became more motivated about their schoolwork and were able to connect what they were learning with their own personal lives.,
As I learn more about integrating technology into the classroom I have learned that I must continuously reflect on how I can use my new knowledge in three ways: For my own professional development, using technology as a productivity tool in my classroom and extensively integrating technology in my teaching, lessons, student-based projects, and student assessments to improve student learning. Engaging in this is called curriculum-specific or discipline-specific learning. I look forward to finding more about curriculum specific content that I can use in my classroom. Being a 4th grade classroom teacher, sometimes I get nervous that I am not spending enough time on proficiency practice or proficiency objectives. But if I could find curriculum specific information and ideas on how to use it in the classroom, then I could be focusing in on proficiency objectives at the same time motivating students by using technology.,
By knowing and understanding what a computer is, what it does, and the components of a computer I am/will be more able to teach to the students in my class. I will also be able to order the appropriate software, be more apt to problem solve when there are computer errors, and know of the many different tasks a computer is able to perform.,
Teaching Today: In this section I went to #4. which featured a discussion regarding K-12 textbook publishers who have begun to enhance their books with content-related Internet and World Wide Web products and services. .I visited the websites of several publishers: , and Prentice-Hall . I know that I will want to go back to these publishers sites when I find out which textbooks