Success or Failure of America Democracy | 1400 Words

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Success or Failure of America Democracy Essay Example

Alexis de Tocqueville believed that equality was his era’s outstanding political and social idea, and America offers the best example of advanced equality in action. He admires the idea of individualism in America, but he thinks individuals can easily be lost trying to fit in, resulting in their rights being compromised. He was genuinely impressed with the economy’s stability and how religion was made an important sector. To him, America was ironic because it was a freedom-loving country that had people as enslaved people and mistreated the Native Americans who were already there.

Tocqueville feels the most significant threat and downfall of democracy in America is the tyranny of the majority, where the majority will always have a say in how things will go. He thinks the voices of the minorities would be suppressed, and they might intimidate others not to participate politically. Even though Americans did not necessarily do public sectors, they created private associations for people to join groups they thought they belonged to.

I am afraid I have to disagree with the argument that democracy in America is a failure. Although Tocqueville claims it would be a failure because people do not participate in public activities and government, they participate in matters that affect them. Even though I cannot entirely agree, it is still true that democracy in practice is not what was ideally intended by the framers. For example, the framers did not count on money and power influences to sway the country’s interests. To argue my case, we need to understand what democracy is as a whole and how it is practiced in American society. 

We also need to understand what failure means to define whether or not democracy indeed failed in America, and we have to dissect the meaning. In political terms, success might mean that even though you did not get your way, your voice on the issue was still heard and considered. In economic terms, success means the government has allowed people equal opportunities to make the same amount of money and prosper.

Taking this into consideration, both definitions of success become hard to achieve simultaneously. One argument for this model, for example, is that by allowing most decisions to be made by elected officials, American democracy gives the people time to build their economic success. However, this then limits their participation in a government which takes away the democracy which the framers had intended because now voices are missing in the discussion.

For me, success means whether democracy did what it intended to do initially; preserve the rights of the people including the right to assemble publicly, free speech, and free thought. According to this definition, I disagree with democracy in America being a failure because it achieved the three goals I stated in the previous sentence. However, the way the framers gave decision-making to elected officials was not what was best for society because it left the power in the hands of the elite.

Participating in a democracy does not only mean going out and electing officials into office. It can mean signing petitions, protesting for something they believe in, campaigning for a candidate, and serving as a juror. Participation is simply doing something that will affect the public. Participating in anything that has to do with bettering the community, the people in it, and the environment is what is best for society. It shows how people are striving as a whole to build democracy and equality.

I disagree with the idea that democracy has failed in America. Democracy in America has allowed for the growth and expansion of the middle class. The American people are smart enough to recognize that what gets decided for the general public is something they have some interest in. The dilemma of the private sphere versus the government is solved because civil society occupies the middle space. As a civil society, people create associations with smaller communities that ensemble with a shared interest.

For example, a group formed around the environment will get together to do things to help the environment. If there is an outsider of the group who sees an issue, such as the water they drink is contaminated, they will now join this group to help resolve said issue. This shows how everyone’s voice is heard for the issues they deem necessary. People in this modern age constitute themselves by going out and voting and actively participating in their communities.

I agree that the way they intended to shape society was not what was best for society as a whole because of the paradox of the people. Democracy in America revolves around this idea of equality of condition. Tocqueville defines this as the ability for an individual to have equal opportunities at achieving success and moving up in society. This allows men to investigate the truths for themselves, but then it creates this idea of individualism which destroys the idea of a true democracy.

Individualism creates a private thought life where the indication is that if my opinions are as good as the next person’s, why should I ask for another person’s opinion. Nevertheless, the essence of politics and democracy is to engage in debates and discussions. The idea of individualism takes this away. Tocqueville argues that Americans interact with other groups according to societies, but equality of conditions makes them not interested in seeking other opinions. 

Because the citizenry is passive, not everyone participates, resulting in many quiet voices. America has this winner takes all system which takes away from the idea in a democracy that all voices are heard. Federalist papers discuss the idea of being influenced by the majority and how the majority are bullies. The idea of being equal is to be the same but being the same creates the tyranny of the majority.

The thought process of minorities is that I want to be like them and not be an outsider causing psychological insecurity. They might trust themselves and their beliefs, but because the majority is decisive, they become subordinate and follow through with them. They willingly trade their freedom to maintain their comforts of being with the in-crowd. 

All democratic governments focus on the intelligence of the elite. The constitution was written as the voice of the people by the founders, but they were not present. The elected officials speak for the people, and the people rarely speak unless they vote for the elected officials, which further shows how the voices of the minority are hushed.

Alexander Hamilton’s letter to George Washington supports this by saying “thinking men” refers to educated elite men who should lead the republic. It is better to have a strong government because the people Hamilton talks to are in the know of politics, but the convention worried that not well-informed people uneducated might ruin the idea of democracy.

This statement here is saying let one group of people have all the power, which takes away from the democratic procedures of having everyone’s voice heard. This, then, is not by the people for the people creating the question of whom the people include. This shows the paradox I previously mentioned above. The “people” are not included in the “thinking men” and do not make any decisions for themselves. 

James Madison Federalist paper number 10 talks about majority faction, which means a group of people united by shared ideas, which leads back to individualism. Everyone sticks to what they know and refuses to challenge their opinions which leads to the question of who decides the public good where everyone can be wrong. Democracy, in the way the framers shaped it, was a synonym for corruption politically. We need a democracy that does not create factions, but if we control the factions, society will not be democratic.

Factions are interminable and impractical to control because America is too big of an empire. When writing the constitution, the framers could not think of every possible problem that would come about in the future, but he does argue the idea of having a republic form of government to help control the effects of the factions.

The public interest is not identical or equated with the factional groups because they are always objective. They tend to be independent of any political views because people in society constitute themselves in the faction. As they shape society, Madison further argues that true democracy is evil because you can always be politically swayed. 

In conclusion, I disagree with Tocqueville on the idea that democracy did not succeed in America, but I agree with the way society was intended to pan out to be not what was best for America.

 

 

Frequently Asked Questions On The Success or Failure of America democracy


What are the problems of American democracy? 

Money politics, identity politics, wrangling between political parties, political polarization, social division, racial tension, and wealth disparities have worsened. All of this has harmed the functioning of democracy in the United States.

What causes democracy to fail?

These four factors are rejection (or weak commitment to) democratic rules of the game, denial of political opponents’ legitimacy, toleration or encouragement of violence, and willingness to restrict opponents’ civil liberties, including media freedom.

What is an example of a failed democracy?

Examples:

  1. Colombia
  2. Vietnam

Democratic collapse (leading to civil war or coup d’état).

Examples:

  1. Nigeria
  2. Nepal.

What defines a successful democracy?

Legal equality, political freedom, and the rule of law are frequently identified as essential characteristics of a functioning democracy.

What is an American democracy?

The United States is a democratic republic. This means that our government is chosen by the people. Citizens vote for their government officials in this country. In government, these officials represent citizens’ ideas and concerns. One way to participate in our democracy is to vote.

What is the main idea of democracy in America?

As revealed in “Democracy in America,” Tocqueville believed that equality was the great political and social idea of his time and that the United States provided the most advanced example of equality in action.

Why is democracy important to the United States?

Supporting democracy promotes fundamental American values such as religious freedom and worker rights. It contributes to a more secure, stable, and prosperous global arena where the U.S. can advance its national interests.

How does democracy affect the economy?

Higher human capital accumulation, lower inflation, lower political instability, and higher economic freedom are all associated with democracy. Democracy is inextricably linked to financial growth sources such as education levels and lifespan improvement through educational institutions and healthcare.

Why do democracies fail quotes?

A democracy cannot exist as a permanent form of government. It can only exist until the majority discovers it can vote itself largess out of the public treasury.

What are the issues in which democracy has failed class 10?

Injustice – When people are mistreated because of their wealth and power, democracy fails. Inequality – discrimination based on class, creed, gender, and religion is another primary reason for democracy’s failure.

Why is the democracy the best form of government?

People have the right to choose their rulers in a democracy. People will not vote for him in the next election if he does not work well. Democracy allows for more freedom of expression than any other form of government. In a democracy, we can freely express our opinions.

What is government failure in economics?

In the context of public economics, government failure is an economic inefficiency caused by government intervention that would not exist in a truly free market. The costs of government intervention outweigh the benefits provided.

Where is democracy considered successful?

Democracy is thriving when: the rulers elected by the people must make all major decisions, rather than the wealthy and powerful. The elections must provide the people with a choice and a fair opportunity to change the rulers if they so desire.

How is democracy successful functioning in our country at present?

The political conditions required for democracy to function successfully revolve around the regular conduct of free and fair elections by competent non-partisan administration, active citizen participation in politics and a multiparty system, adequate separation of powers, and effective checks and balances.

Why is democracy important short answer?

Democracy gives all citizens some fundamental rights that allow them to express themselves. Democracy allows all citizens to choose their representatives and replace them if they do not work following their wishes.

Is America a democratic country?

According to Eugene Volokh of the UCLA School of Law, the United States exemplifies the diverse nature of a constitutional republic. In this country, some decisions (often local) are made through direct democratic processes. In contrast, others (often federal) are made through democratically elected representatives.

When did America become democratic?

The American Revolution popularized this principle, followed by the 1787 Constitutional Convention, which established institutions to manage popular will.

What is democracy in simple words?

The word democracy is derived from the Greek words “demos” (people) and “Kratos” (power); thus, democracy can be thought of as “power of the people”: a form of government that is based on the will of the people.

What makes something a democracy?

People’s government, particularly majority rule

A government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly or indirectly by them through a system of representation usually involves regular free elections.

Political entity governed democratically.

Who was the audience of Democracy in America?

Democracy in America’s current popularity in the United States may have surprised Tocqueville, who wrote the book primarily for a French audience.

Who is the father of democracy?

Cleisthenes

Although this Athenian democracy only lasted two centuries, its invention by Cleisthenes, known as “The Father of Democracy,” was one of ancient Greece’s most lasting contributions to the modern world. The Greek direct democracy system would pave the way for representative democracies worldwide.

What are the benefits of democracy?

  • There are ways to resolve different views and conflicts peacefully.
  • Respect for human dignity.
  • The freedom to act, speak and think freely (as long as it does not stop others from doing the same).
  • Equality before the law.
  • Safe and secure community.

What is democracy’s advantage?

A democratic government is a more responsible and more potent form of government. Democracy raises the standard of decision-making. People’s integrity is strengthened by democracy. The wealthy and educated are on equal footing with the poor and less educated.

What are the outcomes of democracy?

  1. Promotes equality among citizens.
  2. Enhances the dignity of the individual.
  3. Improves the quality of decision-making.
  4. Provides a method to resolve conflicts.
  5. Allows room to correct mistakes.

How can democracy be successful in bringing social harmony to points?

Power Sharing in democracy reduces conflicts between social groups and thus achieves social harmony among political parties and the nation.

How does democracy cause growth?

Our findings suggest that democracy boosts future GDP by encouraging investment, increasing school enrollment, inducing economic reforms, improving public-good provision, and decreasing social unrest. We find little support for the view that democracy is a barrier to economic growth in developing countries.

What is your verdict on democracy?

Compared to non-democratic forms of government, democracy is a better form of government. A democratic regime is a legitimate government far superior to a dictatorship. A democratic government guarantees equal rights to all citizens of a country. A democratic government is open to the public.

What are the five stages of democracy?

  1. Aristocracy.

  2. Timocracy.

  3. Oligarchy.

  4. Democracy.

  5. Tyranny.

Who said democracy is of the people for the people and by the people?

Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln said, “Democracy is a rule of the people, for the people, and by the people.” It means that democracy is a form of government in which the rulers are elected by the people. The citizens of the country elect the government to rule the country, and the selected government works for the welfare of the people.

What are the 4 consequences on which democracy has failed?

Economic growth, poverty alleviation, quick decision-making, and equality are all areas where the democratic government has failed to deliver success. As a result, these four areas are susceptible and vital, as they contain most of a system’s power.

On which issues most democracies have failed?

Every citizen or individual based on religion, race, caste, gender, or place of birth

What are the consequences on which democracy has failed?

Those at the bottom of society have very little on which to rely. Their earnings have been decreasing. Democracies frequently frustrate people’s needs and often ignore the demands of most of their population. The constant mention of corruption convinces us that democracy is not free of this scourge.

Is democratic government efficient and effective?

When public institutions conduct public affairs and manage public resources openly and transparently, a democratic government is productive and effective.

What are the three challenges faced by democracy?

The three main challenges are the foundational challenge, the expansion challenge, and the deepening of democracy. The challenge of expansion entails applying the fundamental principle of democratic government across all religions, social groups, and institutions.

What are the two most important ideals of democracy?

Voter enfranchisement and political participation are two strong democratic ideals that ensure citizens’ political participation.

What is meant by failure in governance?

Any governance failure or ineffectiveness of governance processes is referred to as a governance failure.

What is government failure, and why does it happen?

Government intervention causes a more inefficient allocation of goods and services than would otherwise occur.

How does government intervention lead to government failure?

Government failure occurs when government intervention results in inefficient and wasteful resource allocation. Government failure can occur as a result of Inadequate public-sector incentives. Insufficient information.

How democracy can reduce poverty?

Democracies have reduced inequality and poverty in four ways: All citizens have equal voting rights. Gives equal opportunity to all segments of society. Ensures social equality by protecting citizens’ rights without discrimination.

What are the factors that describe the successful working of democracy?

  1. Election
  2. Political freedom
  3. Education
  4. Development of means of Communication
  5. Independent Judiciary
  6. Accountable Administration
  7. Freedom to form Political Parties

What is the most basic outcome of democracy?

The most fundamental result of democracy is that it produces a government that is accountable to the citizens and responsive to their needs and expectations. Transparency and accountability are two of the most essential aspects of democracy.

Which steps should be taken for the success of democracy?

  1. Spread of education.
  2. Control on press.
  3. Control of the judiciary.
  4. Development of the feeling of provincialism.

Which right is vital for the successful working of democracy?

The right to criticize.

Why is American democracy important?

Supporting democracy promotes fundamental American values such as religious freedom and worker rights. It contributes to a more secure, stable, and prosperous global arena where the U.S. can advance its national interests.

What is the advantage and disadvantage of democracy?

Advantages of democracy

  1. Citizens are involved in government
  2. Democracy structure reduces the exploitation
  3. Democracy encourages equality
  4. Grows economically faster
  5. No centralized power to rule over people
  6. Helps in increasing patriotism among people
  7. Reduces conflicts with other countries

 

Disadvantages of democracy

  1. Residents should realize the majority rules government rules
  2. A Democratic government requires more opportunity to execute changes
  3. Political gridlock is a danger for Democratic governments

Why is the U.S. not a direct democracy?

The framers of the United States Constitution did not envision direct democracy for the country. They saw the tyranny of the majority as a threat. As a result, they preferred a constitutional republic to direct democracy.

What is a true democracy?

Democracy in which the power is exercised directly by the people rather than through representatives

What are the 3 types of democracy?

  1. Direct democracy.
  2. Representative democracy.
  3. Constitutional democracy.
  4. Monitory democracy.

How is Democracy in America?

The United States is a democratic republic. This means that our government is chosen by the people. Citizens vote for their government officials in this country. In government, these officials represent citizens’ ideas and concerns.

What is an example of democracy today?

All laws and public policy decisions are made directly by a majority vote of the people in a direct democracy rather than by the votes of their elected representatives. Switzerland is the only example of a national-level direct democracy that is functionally possible only in small states today.

Who influenced American democracy?

Democracy in ancient Greece was one of the world’s first forms of self-rule government. The ancient Greeks’ system and ideas significantly impacted how democracy developed, as well as the formation of the United States government.

Why is democracy important short answer?

Democracy gives all citizens some fundamental rights that allow them to express themselves. Democracy allows all citizens to choose their representatives and replace them if they do not work following their wishes.

What is a good sentence for democracy?

We invite new members to join us in our fight for liberal democracy. There is a growing sense of democracy in the country. We use democracy to choose our representatives.

Why is the democracy the best form of government?

People have the right to choose their rulers in a democracy. People will not vote for him in the next election if he does not work well. Democracy allows for more freedom of expression than any other form of government. In a democracy, we can freely express our opinions.

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