Engineering as a Profession Essay Example
The impact of the work of engineers in real life on the public is significant. Usually, the engineers practice their profession starting by being a team member, and the team is managed by Senior engineers who further guide them to improve the accuracy and effectiveness of their work. Senior engineers are usually concerned with managing plenty of human resources and leadership, including any aspect they may have control over.
It could be people, materials, or finance. While they focus on these things, they let junior engineers’ team members deal with the job’s technical aspects. The technical directions usually come from the middle-level managers present in the organizational structure.
The management expects responsibility and Engineering Management from these employees. As a professional engineer, the candidate must have a proper sense of control over the resources and community he handles. Unlike other professions, engineering is unique as all the aspects involved in this profession are of crucial importance.
The engineer is expected to have high-level up skills and update himself with various other skills related to his industry for career advancement. An engineer is expected to have a solid motivation to provide service because anything and everything he does may have a crucial impact on the public in one way or the other (Lynch and Kline). For an engineer, the entire populace could be the ultimate client. At the same time, the other professions do not have such an intense impact.
Engineering is closely involved with human relations and then the aspects of business and Commerce. It has a significant impact. Ethics include not just law and morals but also an extra focus on rightness. An ethical code is a set of rules that states the criteria for brightness in a broader scope and a detailed perspective to ensure an engineer uses professional conduct in his profession.
Professional codes keep the engineer worthy with the help of conduct and the trust that the community and his colleagues place upon him. These codes help the engineer to be confident enough to be able to act in any given situation. If the professional attitude is lagging, then ethical problems will automatically arise.
The loyalty of each engineer to his job reflects his identity as a professional engineer. The commitment does not only lie towards the organization. Instead, it should also lie in the effort put into their jobs. When an engineer is ethical, he has no place for an instrumental view, which is usually expecting something in return that is of tangible form.
The value system of a professional man does not look for anything instrumental that may affect his professional status. The engineers are responsible for their image, and if they expect the public to appreciate their work, then there is no other choice than to excel in their job.
The engineers must be aware of the technological advancements more than the information technology people do only to ensure that they are being implemented in the designs. Their involvement in the research and development is critical, contributing to an engineer’s personal ethics. This profession is closely related to innovation, which is why updated knowledge becomes mandatory.
Now that the engineer has updated relevant technical knowledge and expertise in the job, the effort and commitment must be in the limelight. In every profession, there are various positive qualities involved in the code of ethics. Qualities like dedication, honesty, and diligence are standard components of ethics.
That would be the first set of ethical codes, while the second set of policies framed concerning the particular job occupation. On the other hand, the third category of professional ethics is related to moral awareness and social awareness of how the job may impact the community and environment. In this case, as discussed earlier, the contribution of an engineer to a broader audience is high compared to the other jobs.
The skills that are mandatorily required for engineering ethics include the following. Moral awareness is an engineer’s proficiency in recognizing the ethical issues concerning the engineering concepts and their implementation. Cogent moral reasoning is about understanding, evaluating, and clarifying the problems on the opposite end of moral issues.
Moral coherence is another quality that ensures the engineer can form a consistent perspective based on the facts regarding a concept. Moral imagination is about discerning the other options that can respond to moral issues and coming up with Creative Solutions for practical problems. Honest communication uses a common ethical language or a skill to support moral views. Further, the ability to be reasonable and tolerate the diversity E and respect the culture, including appreciating the possibilities of honest hope, is a must for an engineer to be ethical.
Some bodies like the IEM Code of Ethics, Board of Engineers’ Code of Professional Conduct, and Association of Consulting Engineers, Malaysia (ACEM) list the setup ethical rules that engineers must follow (VORST).In an industry that focuses on designing the society itself, there is a need for liabilities. Engineers can create almost anything that can drive the world, and most of our equipment is made by engineers.
As a result, the maximum of their work can impact many people’s lives, and if it is done wrong, it could harm them. Engineers must have certain qualities to deliver an effective product or project. There are several engineering societies apart from what has been listed above that developed codes that the engineers must look into when it comes to ethics and Standards. These rules help them how to work efficiently.
These codes also ensure the safety of society impacted by an engineer’s work. One crucial ethical behavior an engineer must have is responsibility. The idea of responsibility and how it is being applied to the profession of Engineering is clearly stated by the IEEE. The code in the IEEE says that an engineer must accept the responsibility of the decision taken during the job and ensure that the findings are consistent and in compliance with the safety and welfare of the public.
In addition, the engineer is supposed to disclose the factors that might affect the public are the environment. This code is closely related to the honesty component because if honesty is the core idea, it requires a person to be responsible initially. The engineers must accept that their projects might involve sudden actions that might result in potential harm to the people, and to maintain safety, a sense of responsibility is required.
Given that an engineer is trained to look into all these aspects, it is also essential for him to take control of the situation. They must do their job as it is meant to be perfectly completed.
If anything goes wrong in between, then accountability is also expected from the engineer. They must find ways to improve the design and fix the design flaw to ensure no future problems occur in the event these faults are not addressed. From the design process to the end stage, the end product is harmful to the community.
Understanding the impact, the engineer must be diligent and attentive throughout each stage to ensure the job is done correctly. Another critical aspect of engineering ethics is that the engineer must work hard. The profession contains tasks that are sometimes very challenging to be completed properly. The engineers might be required to put in all their efforts to insert the project turns out as good as planned.
The ethical codes in the engineering profession commonly state that engineering is the most important and learning profession of all. As a member of this profession, the engineers must show the highest standards of integrity and honesty. Professional integrity is one of the appreciated values of an engineer, and it is achieved by practicing the profession while building a value hierarchy regarding ethical conduct.
This has to remind in harmony with each other. When such peace is achieved, a person can resolve the moral contradictions or conflicts that may arise during professional conduct. Without making use of such resolutions for conflict or values, the person will not be able to achieve harmony and may end up with specific illogical or contradicting actions, which will impact the ethical position of the engineer.
Today’s ethics handbooks do not emphasize the educational aspect of practicing moral virtues. On the contrary, ethical theories are emphasized more. The guide presumes that if a person has these virtues, their degree is responsible for it. However, their real-time experiences and diligence contribute to the person acquiring these virtues. Also, these virtues could be learned eventually even if the engineer does not have them naturally.
Ethics handbooks or not based on the perspective that an engineer practices his profession and relating it to the concept of professional engineering ethics. Professional Obligations Vs. Social ObligationsProfessional obligations of an engineer include Dealing with conflicts of interest and finding ways to deal with the situation appropriately. Maintaining the confidentiality of the customer details or anything of that sort would also come under professional obligations.
On the other hand, social obligations include keeping society informed about the potential dangers are compromises that could come along. If a project is taking up search shape, the community must be informed of the safety measures they can take. For example, that is considered a bridge is being built, and it would require the people from the neighborhood to vacate the place for a while to ensure no casualties occur. If that is unavoidable, it should be communicated to the people how to make them aware of the situation.
Also, when it is being built, a board must be kept to indicate that the bridge is under construction and that no other vehicles may use it. These are some essential duties of an engineer that he must know and follow. To understand the impact of Engineers’ work and the need for being ethical, let us consider an example of a civil engineer constructing a bridge.
Without focusing on the reasons as to why the engineer must be ethical, an emphasis on the negative impact of the lethargic attitude on the lack of ethical behavior can be laid. If the bridge collapses, the consequence cannot be easily fixed, nor can it be tolerated. Like these, there are certain obligations for the engineer to check and differentiate to ensure the project is completed smoothly.
Without an understanding of specifics like these, it would be hard for an engineer to complete his job ethically. Being capable of meeting the job is not the only aspect an engineer must focus on. He must know the potential impact of his career to understanding the importance of ethical practices in his profession.
Having an ethical code to follow and being diligent with the design and implementation of a concept is highly critical for an engineer since he might be dealing with many lives. Every job has its own set of ethical codes to be followed. It is a must for a professional to follow these ethical guidelines.